Lignocaine is the name given to the drug lidocaine hydrochloride monohydrate.
Lignocaine is a clear, colourless, sterile, isotonic, preservative-free solution, administered via injection. This drug is classified as a local anaesthetic and antiarrhythmic drug.
Lignocaine can sometimes be administered to regulate an irregular heart rate but generally it is used to numb a small area on the body prior to relatively minor surgeries. Local anaesthesia has made it possible for surgery to be performed safely and painlessly while the patient is awake by numbing the area around which it is administered. Unlike general anaesthetic, local anaesthetic offers fewer side effects and a shorter recovery period.
IMPORTANT INFORMATION ABOUT LIGNOCAINE
Lignocaine is a prescription only drug and must be administered by a doctor. It is given via injection directly into the blood stream or organ.
It is important not to drink alcohol when being given Lignocaine as this may cause blood pressure to drop.
Side effects include:
- Weakness, confusion, nervousness, agitation
- Drowsiness, unconsciousness, disorientation
- Nausea, vomiting
- Dizziness, headaches, light-headedness
- Numbness, tremors, twitching
- Low blood pressure
- Slow heartbeat
- Difficulty breathing.
Lignocaine Injection contains 10 mg/ mL or 20 mg/mL lidocaine (lignocaine) hydrochloride monohydrate as the active ingredient and sodium chloride and water for injections as the excipients. It does not contain a preservative
Can you drive or operate heavy machinery after you have been given Lignocaine?
You may experience drowsiness or slow reflexes so do not drive or operate heavy machinery after being given Lignocaine.
How many mLs of Lignocaine should be given?
The recommended amount is 3mg/kg at any one time, however the doctor may tailor the dosage to the patient.
What is Lignocaine indicated for?
Lidocaine (lignocaine) is indicated for production of local or regional anaesthesia by nerve block, infiltration injection, caudal or other epidural blocks.
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